Sigmund Freud’s theory is one of the major theories in psychology. Freud was definitely a different person. He worked hard in order to understand the human mind. His main purpose was to explain how the human mind works, what makes us get mentally ill and how can we be cured.
His work was not in van. Indeed, Freud’s theory was a revolutionary approach to human mind. We may say that his work was one step ahead in psychology.
Sigmund Freud discovered the existence on the unconscious. Freud developed his first theory, according to which our personality consists of three instances: unconscious, preconscious and conscious.
The unconscious represents all contents which are not present in our consciousness. Freud believed that all childhood’s unacceptable wishes are driven out of conscious awareness and become part of unconscious. According to Freud’s theory, the unconscious is a reservoir of primitive impulses, sexual and aggressive. These unconscious thoughts are expressed in dreams, slips of the tongue. Of course, there still are specialists and researchers who refuse to accept this idea.
The preconscious is the intermediate between unconscious and conscious. In order to an aggressive or sexual impulse to reach the conscious, it must first pass through preconscious. In this situation, the preconscious has the power to decide whether the impulse may reach the conscious area or not.
The conscious is able to receive information from both the external world and the unconscious.
Freud’s theory suggests that we are driving by sexual and aggressive instincts. Our behavior is guided by the impulses and desires we have in our unconscious.
After he described the theory regarding the human personality, Freud kept working. He explained the development of our personality. Freud’s theory says that our personality begins to develop when we are born and it is established when we are five, six years old. He believed our childhood is the most important part of our life.
Freud described five stages of psychosexual development – the oral stage, the anal stage, the phallic stage, the latency stage, and the genital stage.
Daily, people deal with different levels of anxiety. According to Freud’s theory, we develop several defense mechanisms in order to cope with anxiety.
Sigmund Freud tried to find a way of treating people suffering from mental illness. His goal was achieved. While he was trying to cure a patient suffering from hysteria, he noticed that talking to her helps her feel much better. This is the begging of psychoanalysis. Today, Sigmund Freud is also known as The Father of Psychoanalysis.
Freud’s theory was one of the most controversial ones. His theory was and still is strongly criticized. However, there are many people in the world who study psychoanalysis and many people who are cured through this way of treatment.